Climate Change Report
On 13 April 2014, the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released the third part of its latest report on climate change.
The third Report
looks at how to address the issues and risks identified in the first two reports by reducing those activities that contribute to human-induced climate change. It looks at current greenhouse gas emissions, the levels they will need to fall to in future, and how this can be achieved. The report recognises that climate change is a global problem and looks at the contribution all regions can make in tackling the problem.
The key findings of the report include the following:
• Greenhouse gas emissions are still rising
• On a business-as-usual pathway, global mean temperatures will increase by 3 to 5 degrees over pre-industrial levels by the end of the century
• Staying under the 2 degree limit is possible but increasingly difficult
• Efforts to reduce emissions needs to take place across all sectors and all regions
• Many countries already have policies in place to reduce emissions, but much more needs to be done
• Dealing with climate change needs international action and international cooperation to solve the problem.
In response to the report, Ed Davey said: “The tools we need to tackle climate change are available… The UK is leading from the front. We are investing in low carbon and energy efficiency technologies, with an increased focus on home-grown renewables, to reduce our reliance of foreign imports and create a sustainable supply of affordable energy for consumers and businesses alike.”
Major businesses are now voicing their concerns on the impacts of climate change. On 8 April, Paul Polman, Chief Executive of Unilever said, “Not only is tackling climate change consistent with economic growth, but it is only by tackling climate change in a systemic way that we can hope to deliver growth for the global economy.”